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B.A. SUNY at Buffalo, 1966
M.A. University of Toronto, 1967
Ph.D. University of Toronto, 1969
My research involves the study of archaeological human skeletons from the Pacific Islands, Australia, Southeast Asia, and East Asia. My research focuses on biological distance, population history, health, and lifestyle in the Pacific-Asian region. I am also a board certified forensic anthropologist.
Geographical Areas: Australia, Pacific, Hawaii, Mariana Islands, Southeast Asia, and East Asia.
Topical/Theoretical Interests: Skeletal biology, bioarchaeology, biological distance, skeletal and dental indicators of health and lifestyle, Lapita skeletons, forensic anthropology.
Methodological Concerns: Multivariate statistics, skeletal biology, paleopathology.
- Osteological analysis of archaeological human skeletons from Guam, Saipan, and Tinian.
- Bioarchaeological research using the Nankuanli East site (c. 5000 BP) skeletons from the Tainan Science Industrial Park, Tainan, Taiwan.
- Laboratory analysis of approximately 40 prehistoric human skeletons from Angkor Borei, Cambodia (200 B.C- 200 A.D.) in collaboration with Dr. Miriam Stark's LOMAP project.
- Study of human skeletal remains from the Shihsanhang site (1000-1500 BP) in Taiwan including facial reconstructions on display at the Shihsanhang Museum of Archaeology.
- Applying multivariate statistical procedures to cranial variation for reconstructing the population in the Pacific and Asia.
- Assessing the health and disease in human skeletal remains from the Pacific, East Asia, and Southeast Asia
- Skeletal biology research involving the early bronze age site of Ban Chiang, Northeast Thailand.
- Lapita human skeletal remains and Polynesian origins.
Funding sources for previous research include National Science Foundation, The Smithsonian Institution, National Geographic Society, Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Fulbright Senior Scholar Award, International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX), Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People's Republic of China, National Science Council (ROC), The Australian Museum,Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Ford Foundation, Deutscher Akademishcer Austraushdienst, CNRS (France), Field Museum, American Museum of Natural History, Richard Loundsbery Foundation, etc., and numerous intramurual grants.
2005 (Spring) Visiting Professor, Department of Anthropology, Auckland University, Auckland, New Zealand
2001 Contract from Swift & Harper Archaeological Consulting, Saipan, CNMI. Analysis of human skeletons from Saipan and Tinian, CNMI
1998 Elected Fellow of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences
1991 (Spring) National Taiwan University, Taipei, R.O.C.
1990 Fulbright Scholar to Japan
1983 (Spring) College de France, Paris
1983 (Fall) The Australian Museum, Sydney
1980-81 University of Toronto
1970-present Research Associate, B. P. Bishop Museum
Pinhasi R, Fernandes D, Sirak K, Novak M, Connell S, Alpaslan-Roodenberg S, Gerritsen F, Moiseyev V, Gromov A, Raczky P, Anders A, Pietrusewsky M, Rollefson G, Jovanovic M, Trinhhoang H, Bar-Oz G, Oxenham MN, Matsumura H, Hofreiter M. 2015. Optimal ancient DNA yields from the inner ear part of the human petrous bone. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0129102. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0129102. Download PDF file.Hayashi A, Emanovsky PD, Pietrusewsky M, Holland TD. A procedure for calculating the vertical space height of the sacrum when determining skeletal height for use in the anatomical method of adult stature estimation. Journal of Forensic Sciences. Download pre-publication paper.
Pietrusewsky. M, Buckley H, Anson D, Douglas, MT. 2014. Polynesian origins: a biodistance study of mandibles from the Late Lapita site of Reber-Rakival (SAC), Watom Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Journal of Pacific Archaeology 5(1):1-20. Download PDF file.
Pietrusewsky M, Douglas M, Swift MK, Harper RA, Fleming MA. 2014. Health in ancient Mariana Islanders: a bioarchaeological perspective. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology. In press. Download PDF file.
Pietrusewsky M, Lauer A, Tsang C-h, Li K-t, Douglas MT. 2014. Dental indicators of health in early Neolithic and Iron Ages from Taiwan. Journal of Austronesian Studies. In press Download PDF file.
Pietrusewsky M. 2013. Biological connections across the Sea of Japan: a multivariate comparison of ancient and more modern crania from Japan, China, Korea, and Southeast Asia. In: Pechenkina E, Oxenham, MF, editors. Bioarchaeology of East Asia: Movement, Contact, Health. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. p. 144-178. Download proofs PDF file.
Pietrusewsky M, Douglas MT. 2012. History of Paleopathology in the Pacific. In: Buikstra, JE and Roberts, CA, editors. The Global History of Paleopathology: Pioneers and Prospects. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 594-615. Download PDF File.
Douglas MT, Pietrusewsky M. 2012. Vulcan: skilled village craftsman of Ban Chiang, Thailand. In: Stodder ALW, Palkovich AM, editors. The Bioarchaeology of Individuals. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. p. 177-192. Download PDF file.
Pietrusewsky M. 2011. Le origini della popolazione dell'Asia orientale secondo l'antropologia fisica «The origins of the people of East Asia: a physical anthropological perspective». In: Ciarla R, Scarpari M, editors. La Cina I. Preistoria e origini della civiltà cinese « Prehistory and the origins of Chinese civilization» Torino: Giulio Einaudi Editore SpA. Download PDF file.
Pietrusewsky M. 2010. A multivariate analysis of cranial measurements: Fijian and Polynesian relationships. In: Banik SD, editor. Research in physical anthropology: essays in honor of Prof. L.S. Penrose. Mérida, Yucatán: Unas Letras Industria Editorial. p 37-66. Download PDF File.
Petchey F, Spriggs M, Leach F, Seed M, Sand C, Pietrusewsky M, Anderson K. 2010. Testing the human factor: radiocarbon dating the first peoples of the South Pacific. Journal of Archaeological Science 38:29-44. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M. 2008. Craniometric variation in Southeast Asia and neighboring regions: a multivariate analysis of cranial measurements, Human Evolution 23 (1-2):49-86. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M. 2008. Biological comparisons of male Namu crania: A multivariate craniometric study. Appendix 13, In: Leach, B.F. and Davidson, J.M. The archaeology of Taumako: A Polynesian outlier in the Eastern Solomon Islands. New Zealand Journal of Archaeology Special Publication, pp 455-475. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M. 2008. The modern inhabitants of Island Southeast Asia: a craniometric perspective. In E. Indriati (ed.) Proceedings of the International Seminar on Southeast Asian Paleoanthropology: Recent Advances on Southeast Asian Paleoanthropology and Archaeology, pp.185-201. Laboratory of Bioanthropology and Paleoanthropology, Faculty of Medicine Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M. 2008 Metric analysis of skeletal remains: methods and applications. In Katzenberg, M.A. and S.R. Saunders (eds.) Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton, Second Edition. pp. 487-532. New York: Wiley-Liss. Download PDF File.
Douglas, M.T. and M. Pietrusewsky 2007 Biological consequences of sedentism and agricultural intensification in northeast Thailand. In M.N. Cohen and G. Crane-Kramer (eds.), Ancient Health: Skeletal Indicators of Agricultural and Economic Intensification (Bioarchaeological Interpretations of the Human Past: Local, Regional, and Global Perspectives). Gainesville: University of Florida Press. pp. 300-319 + references. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M., M.T. Douglas, E. E. Cochrane, and S. Reinke 2007. Cultural modification in an adolescent earth-oven interment from Fiji: sorting out mortuary practice. The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 2 (1):44-71. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M. 2006 The initial settlement of remote Oceania: the evidence from physical anthropology. In T. Simanjuntak, I.H.E. Pojoh and M. Hisyam (eds.) Austronesian Diaspora and the Ethnogenesis of People in Indonesian Archipelago. Proceedings of the International Symposium, pp. 320-347. Jakarta, Indonesia: Indonesian Institute of Sciences, LIPI Press. Download PDF File
Pietrusewsky, M and R. Ikehara-Quebral 2006. The Bioarchaeology of the Vat Komnou Cemetery, Angkor Borei, Cambodia, Bulletin of the Indo-Prehistory Association 26:86-97. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M. 2006 Chapter 3. A multivariate craniometric study of the prehistoric and modern inhabitants of Southeast Asia, East Asia, and surrounding regions: a human kaleidoscope? In M. R. Oxenham and N. Tayles (eds.) Bioarchaeology of Southeast Asia, pp. 59-90. Cambridge University Press. Download PDF File
Bentley, R.A.. Pietrusewsky, M., Douglas, M.T. Atkinson, T.C. 2005. Stable isotopic evidence for matrilocality during the prehistoric transition to agriculture in Thailand. Antiquity 79: 865-881. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M. 2005 The Physical Anthropology of the Pacific, East Asia, and Southeast Asia: A Multivariate Craniometric Analysis. In Sargat, L., R. Blench and A. Sanchez-Mazas (eds.) The Peopling of East Asia: Putting Together Archaeology, Linguistics, and Genetics. pp.203-231. RoutledgeCurzon, London. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M. 2004 Multivariate comparisons of female cranial series from the Ryukyu Islands and Japan. Anthropological Science. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M. and Ching-fang Chang 2003. Taiwan Aboriginals and peoples of the Pacific-Asian region: Multivariate craniometric comparisons. Anthropological Science 111(3):293-332. Download PDF File
Pietrusewsky, M. and Cheng-hwa Tsang 2003. A preliminary assessment of health and disease in human skeletal remains from Shi San Hang: A prehistoric aboriginal site on Taiwan. Anthropological Science 111(2): 203-223. Download PDF File
Pietrusewsky, M. and M. T. Douglas 2002 Ban Chiang, A Prehistoric Site in Northeast Thailand. I: The Human Skeletal Remains. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
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Read Book Review by Dr. Bin Yamaguchi (2002 Anthropological Science 10(4):439-437).
Read Book Review by Dr. Clark Larsen (2003 American Journal of Physical Anthropology 120(2):205-206).
Weblink to Review by Dr. Charles Higham (2003 Antiquity 77(298):870-872).
Read Book Review by Dr. Kate A. Robson Brown (2003 Internatioanl Journal of Osteoarchaeology 13(6):390-392).
Read Book Review by Dr. Marc Oxenham (2004 Asian Perspectives 43(1):162-167).
Pietrusewsky, M. and M. T. Douglas 2002. Intensification of agriculture at Ban Chiang: Is there evidence from the skeletons? Asian Perspectives 40(2): 157-178. Download PDF File
Pietrusewsky, M. 2000 Metric analysis of skeletal remains: Methods and applications. In M.A. Katzenberg and S.R. Saunders (eds.) Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton, pp. 375-415. New York: Wiley-Liss. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M. 1994 Pacific-Asian relationships: a physical anthropological perspective. Oceanic Linguistics 33(2):407-430. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M. and M. T. Douglas 1994. An osteological assessment of health and disease in precontact and historic (1778) Hawai`i. In C.S. Larsen & G.R. Milner (eds.) In the Wake of Contact: Biological Responses to Conquest. pp. 179-196. New York: Wiley-Liss, Inc. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M., M.T. Douglas and R. M. Ikehara-Quebral 1997. An assessment of health and disease in the prehistoric inhabitants of the Mariana Islands. American Journal of Physical Anthropology104:315-342. Download PDF File
Pietrusewsky, M.,T. Hunt and R. Ikehara-Quebral 1997. A Lapita-associated skeleton from Waya Island, Fiji. Micronesica 3(2): 355-388. Download PDF File.
Pietrusewsky, M. 1989 A study of skeletal and dental remains from Watom Island and comparisons with other Lapita people. Records of the Australian Museum 41:235-292. Download PDF File.
2013 College of Social Sciences Award for Excellence in Research, University of Hawaii
2009 College of Social Sciences Award for Excellence in Research, University of Hawaii
2006 College of Social Sciences Award for Excellence in Research, University of Hawaii
2002 National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant: Stable Isotopic Analysis of Carbon and Nitrogen as an Indicator of Paleodietary Change for Pre-State Metal Age Societies in Northeast Thailand (Christopher King, co-PI)
2001 (December) Travel Grant from Academia Sinica (Taiwan) to attend the International Symposium on Austronesian Cultures: Issues Relating to Taiwan. Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
2000 Grant from Academia Sinica, Taipei, to analyze human remains from Shi San Hang, a prehistoric cemetery site, Taiwan
1996 American Museum of Natural History Collection Study Grant: "A Study of Human Skeletal Remains from the Marquesas".
1994 National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Grant. Paleopathology in Human Skeletal Remains from Bronze-Iron Age Northeast Thailand. (M.T. Douglas, co-PI)
For a complete list of awards, click here
Anth 215 Physical Anthropology
Anth 310 Human Origins
Anth 384 Skeletal Biology
Anth 385G/750G Research Seminar in Bioarchaeology Pacific-Asia
Anth 455 Human Biology of the Pacific
Anth 458 Forensic Anthropology
Anth 604 Physical Anthropology
Anth 750G Research Seminar in Biological Anthropology
- Professional Organizations:
- American Association of Physical Anthropologists
- American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Fellow)
- Anthropological Society of Nippon
- Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association
- Society for Hawaiian Archaeology
- Paleopathology Association
- Dental Anthropology Association
- Former Member District 9, National Disaster Medical Systems, U.S. Department of Health Human Services
- Editorial Board, Anatomical Science International
- Editorial Board, Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology
- Editorial Board, Anthropological Science
- Other Professional Qualifications:
- Associate Editor, American Journal of Physical Anthropology (2008-2012)
- Diplomate, American Board of Forensic Anthropology
- Consultant to Police, Medical Examiner's Office, and CRM firms
- Recent Conferences and Other Professional Activity:
- Tooth ablation in early Neolithic skeletons from Taiwan. American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Calgary, Alberta, April 9 - 12, 2014 [co-authors: Adam Lauer, Cheng-hwa Tsang, Kuang-ti Li , Michele Toomay Douglas]. Download PDF of PPT.
- Bioarchaeology of the Mariana Islands: prehistoric Chamorro health and lifestyle. Paper presented at the 8th International Conference on Rapa Nui and the Pacific, Santa Rosa, CA, July 8-13, 2012. [co-authors: M. T. Douglas, M. Swift, R. Harper, and M. A. Fleming] Download PDF of PPT.
Health and lifestyle among prehistoric Chamorro from Saipan and the Northern Mariana Islands. Poster presented at the Marianas History Conference, Saipan, June 14-16, 2012. [co-authors: M. T. Douglas, M. Swift, R. Harper, and M. A. Fleming] Download PDF of PPT.
Bioarchaeology of early Neolithic skeletons from the Nankuanli East site, southwestern Taiwan. Invited paper to be presented at the “2014 From Matsu Archipelago to Southeast Coast of Asia: International Symposium on the Studies of Prehistoric Cultural and Physical Remains”, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, September 26-29, 2014. [co-authors: Adam Lauer, Cheng-hwa Tsang , Kuang-ti Li, & Michele Toomay Douglas] Download PDF
Polynesian origins: biodistance studies of crania, mandibles, and some Lapita skeletons. Podium paper presented at the Society for American Archaeology, April 3-6, 2013, Honolulu, HI. [co-authors: H. Buckley and D. Anson] Download PDF of PPT.
Geographical influences on health in ancient Mariana Islanders. Podium paper presented at the Society for American Archaeology, April 3-6, 2013, Honolulu, HI. [M.T. Douglas, M Pietrusewsky, M. K. Swift, R. A. Harper, M.A. Fleming] Download PDF of PPT.
- Workshop on “Metric and Nonmetric Traits: Biological Distance” given in the Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, University of Otago, Dunedin, February 14-16, 2012.
“Prehistoric Chamorro Health and Lifestyle: Bioarchaeology of the Mariana Islands”, Department of Anthropology Colloquium, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, September 1, 2011. Download PDF file of PPT.
American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Minneapolis, MN, April 13 - 16, 2011. Paper/poster “An assessment of health and lifestyle among prehistoric Chamorro from Tinian Island in the Northern Mariana Islands” (co-authors: Michele Toomay Douglas, Marilyn Swift, Randy Harper, and Michael A. Fleming). Download Poster.
American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Albuquerque, NM, April 14 - 17, 2010. Paper/Poster: “An assessment of health and lifestyle among pre-1521 Chamorro from Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands” (co-authors: Michele Toomay Douglas, Marilyn Swift, Randy Harper, and Michael A. Fleming. Download Poster.
Pacific Island Archaeology in the 21st Century: Relevance and Engagement, Koror, Palau, July 1-3, 2009.
Paper presented: “Dental indicators of health in early Neolithic and Iron age skeletons from Taiwan”. Download Poster.
American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Chicago, Il, March 31-April 4, 2009. Paper presented, “Health status and lifestyle in early Neolithic and later Iron Age Taiwan: dental indicators..” Download Abstract.
- International Seminar on Southeast Asia Paleoanthropology, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, July 23 – 29, 2007. Paper presented: “Craniometric variation in Southeast Asia and the Indo-Pacific: a multivariate analysis of cranial measurements”.
- Global History of Health Organizational Meeting, Ohio State University, May 26-28, 2007. Presentation: “Bioarchaeology and skeletal collections in the Pacific.”
- American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Philadelphia, PA. March 27- April 1, 2007. Paper/poster presented: “Biological connections across the Sea of Japan: a multivariate craniometric study of ancient and more modern crania from Japan, China, and Korea”. Download Poster.
- Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association (IPPA) Congress in Manila, Philippines, March 20-26, 2006. Paper presented:” The Bioarchaeology of the Vat Komnou Cemetery, Angkor Borei, Cambodia”(co-authors: Rona Ikehara, and Michele Toomay Douglas).
Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Milwaukee, WI, April 9-13, 2003. Paper presented in the electronic symposium: Mortuary Ritual and Human Taphonomy in Island Oceania: 2002:“Cultural modification in an adolescent earth-oven interment from Fiji: sorting out mortuary practice”. (co-authors: M.T. Douglas, E. E. Cochrane, and S. Reinke).
Invited participant to International Symposium on Austronesian Cultures: Issues Relating to Taiwan. Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, December 8-11, 2001. Paper presented: “The people of Shi San Hang, preliminary results of osteological investigations”.
Invited participant to the workshop on “Perspectives on the Phylogeny of East Asian Languages”, Périgueux, France, August 28-31, 2001. Paper presented: “The Physical Anthropology of the Pacific, East Asia, and Southeast Asia: a Multivariate Craniometric Analysis”.